Centre BRAIN-MOOVE

Centre de Stimulation Neuro-Fonctionnelle Chiropratique.

ST MALO / BRETAGNE / FRANCE

Chiropracteur

divers / autres

cerveau et systeme immunitaire

Le cerveau peut s’associer au système immunitaire en cas d’infection . Des travaux français publiés  dans la revue Nature-Immunology détaillent les mécanismes qui se mettent en place dans notre corps quand nous combattons un virus ou une bactérie… Et on découvre une balance fine entre système nerveux et système immunitaire pour éviter la sur-inflammation. avec  Sophie Ugolini,  directrice de recherche au Centre d’immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, affilié à l’INSERM, au CNRS et à Aix-Marseille Université. (https://www.franceinter.fr/emissions/la-une-de-la-science/la-une-de-la-science-20-septembre-2018)

Endogenous glucocorticoids control host resistance to viral infection through the tissue-specific regulation of PD-1 expression on NK cells

Nature Immunologyvolume 19pages954962 (2018) | Download Citation

Abstract

Controlling the balance between immunity and immunopathology is crucial for host resistance to pathogens. After infection, activation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis leads to the production of glucocorticoids. However, the pleiotropic effects of these steroid hormones make it difficult to delineate their precise role(s) in vivo. Here we found that the regulation of natural killer (NK) cell function by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) was required for host survival after infection with mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV). Mechanistically, endogenous glucocorticoids produced shortly after infection induced selective and tissue-specific expression of the checkpoint receptor PD-1 on NK cells. This glucocorticoid–PD-1 pathway limited production of the cytokine IFN-γ by spleen NK cells, which prevented immunopathology. Notably, this regulation did not compromise viral clearance. Thus, the fine tuning of NK cell functions by the HPA axis preserved tissue integrity without impairing pathogen elimination, which reveals a novel aspect of neuroimmune regulation.

Article posté le 23/09/2018


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